Bypass Surgery Specialists in Navi Mumbai

Heart bypass surgery

Heart bypass surgery

Heart bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), treats coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD occurs when the blood vessels (coronary arteries) that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle become narrowed or blocked due to plaque buildup.

Heart bypass surgery aims to improve blood flow to the heart, relieve symptoms such as chest pain (angina), and reduce the risk of heart attack. It can also improve the overall functioning of the heart in certain cases.

During heart bypass surgery, a surgeon creates a new pathway for blood to flow around the blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. This is achieved by taking a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body, typically the chest or leg, and grafting it onto the coronary artery to bypass the blocked segment.

The procedure is typically performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the chest to access the heart and temporarily stops the heart's beating while a heart-lung bypass machine takes over pumping blood and supplying oxygen to the body. The bypass grafts are then connected, rerouting blood flow around the blocked or narrowed arteries.

We at B & J Hospital use a non-surgical valve replacement technique which refers to TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement) for the aortic valve and TMVR (Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement) for the mitral valve. It's a minimally invasive procedure where a new valve is inserted through a catheter, guided to the heart, treating valve diseases without open-heart surgery, thus reducing risks and recovery time.

If you are looking for a heart specialist in Navi Mumbai, simply reach out to us by giving a call or booking an appointment, and we will be readily available to assist you!

When is heart bypass surgery performed and why?

Heart bypass surgery, or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, is performed for several reasons related to coronary artery disease (CAD) and its associated complications. Here are some common reasons why heart bypass surgery is performed:

  • Severe coronary artery blockages: Heart bypass surgery is recommended when there are significant blockages or narrowing in the coronary arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart muscle. This can cause chest pain (angina) and increase the risk of a heart attack.
  • Angina that is not responding to other treatments: If medications, lifestyle changes, or other non-invasive treatments are unable to control angina symptoms adequately, bypass surgery may be considered as a more effective option.
  • High-risk coronary anatomy: In cases where the location or extent of the coronary artery blockages makes them difficult to treat with less invasive procedures such as angioplasty or stenting, bypass surgery may be the preferred option.
  • Multiple blocked coronary arteries: When numerous coronary arteries are severely narrowed or blocked, bypass surgery allows for simultaneous grafting of multiple arteries to restore blood flow to the heart.
  • Left main coronary artery disease: If the left main coronary artery, a major artery supplying blood to a large portion of the heart, is significantly narrowed or blocked, bypass surgery may be recommended as it is a critical area that requires revascularization.
  • Failed previous interventions: If previous coronary interventions, such as angioplasty or stenting, have been unsuccessful or resulted in re-narrowing (restenosis), bypass surgery may be considered a more durable solution.

The primary goal of heart bypass surgery is to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, relieve symptoms, and reduce the risk of complications such as heart attacks. The decision to proceed with heart bypass surgery is based on a thorough evaluation of the patient's condition, considering factors such as the severity of CAD, symptoms, overall health, and the patient's preferences. Doctors at B & J Hospital will determine all the medical conditions of patients and give the best treatment.

What are the Potential Risks and Complications of Heart Bypass Surgery?

What are the Potential Risks and Complications of Heart Bypass Surgery?

While heart bypass surgery is a common and generally safe procedure, like any surgery, it carries some risks. Here are potential risks and complications associated with heart bypass surgery:

  • Infection: There is a risk of developing an infection at the surgical incision site or in the chest after the procedure. Infections may require antibiotics or, in rare cases, further surgical intervention.
  • Bleeding: During and after the surgery, there is a risk of bleeding. Sometimes, blood transfusions or additional procedures may be necessary to control bleeding.
  • Blood clots: Blood clots can form in the legs or other body parts and potentially travel to the lungs or other vital organs, causing a blockage. Medications are typically prescribed to prevent blood clots, but there is still a small risk.
  • Pain and discomfort: Following the surgery, pain and discomfort are common. Medications are provided to manage pain during the recovery period.
  • Breathing problems: After heart bypass surgery, some individuals may experience temporary breathing difficulties due to using a ventilator during the procedure or the accumulation of fluid in the lungs. Breathing exercises and respiratory support may be required.
  • Irregular heartbeat: Some individuals may develop an irregular heartbeat, or arrhythmia, after heart bypass surgery. Medications or temporary pacing may be necessary to regulate the heart rhythm.
  • Kidney problems: In rare cases, heart bypass surgery can result in kidney complications, including acute kidney injury. This risk is higher for individuals with pre-existing kidney disease.
  • Stroke: While uncommon, there is a small risk of stroke during or after the surgery. This can occur if blood clots or plaque dislodge and travel to the brain.
  • Wound complications: Surgical incisions can sometimes have issues with healing, such as infection, poor wound closure, or scarring.

Before undergoing any surgery, it is standard practice for B & J Hospital to prioritize patient safety and provide comprehensive pre-surgical consultations. During these consultations, the healthcare team at B & J Hospital will discuss the potential risks and complications associated with the specific surgery, including heart bypass surgery. They will assess your individual medical history, conduct relevant tests, and address any concerns you may have.

Before the surgery

  • Pre-surgical evaluation: You will undergo a thorough review, including medical history assessment, physical examination, and various diagnostic tests such as blood tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, and possibly cardiac catheterization. This helps determine the extent of coronary artery disease and the need for bypass surgery.
  • Medication review: B & J Hospital team will review your current medications, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and supplements. Some medicines may need to be adjusted or temporarily discontinued before the surgery.
  • Fasting: You will be instructed to fast for a certain period before the surgery. This is usually from midnight on the night before the procedure.
  • Informed consent: B & J Hospital surgeon will explain the details of the procedure, including its risks, benefits, and alternatives. You must sign a consent form indicating your understanding and agreement.

After the Surgery

  • Recovery in the hospital: After the surgery, you will be taken to the intensive care unit (ICU) for close monitoring. Once your condition stabilizes, you will be transferred to a regular hospital room.
  • Pain management: You may experience pain, discomfort, or soreness at the incision sites. Medications will be provided to manage your pain and aid in the healing process.
  • Monitoring vital signs: B & J Hospital team will continuously monitor your vital signs, including heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels, to ensure your stability and progress.
  • Gradual mobility and activity: Physical activity will be gradually introduced to promote circulation, prevent blood clots, and aid recovery. This may include walking with assistance and gradually increasing the duration and intensity of activity.
  • Medication regimen: You will receive a medication regimen, including blood thinners, pain medications, and possible medications to manage other heart conditions or risk factors.
  • Wound care: The incisions need proper care and monitoring to prevent infection. Our team will provide instructions on cleaning and caring for the incision sites.

It is crucial to follow all post-operative instructions provided by B & J Hospital team, attend follow-up appointments, and make necessary lifestyle changes to faster your recovery and improve your heart health.

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